The photo, taken from an aviation blog post from 2012, shows an Israeli fighter jet over Tehan with explosions in the background.
The mocked up image was accompanied by a clear explanation that it was a computer-generated image which is “not a drawing, nor a rendering or a photo” on The Aviationist blog in March 2012.
This morning, after listening to a BBC Today programme with International Development Secretary Penny Mordauntm Ms Abbott tweeted the image, captioning it: “Shocking to hear Tory minister on @BBCr4today claim that you can’t allow Parliament to vote on war because that would be to “outsource the decision to people who don’t have all the info.
“Do these people understand what parliamentary democracy is?”
In response to the furore the Labour MP later tweeted: “Apparently, my use of this pic is ‘important news’. Yes, UK goes to war without UN approval or even parliamentary debate. But the most important news is what pics I use in a tweet. Pathetic.”
Writing about the photo on a blog, Mr Cenciotti posted: “The following drawing, exclusively prepared by Al Clark for The Aviationist, shows how an attack by a formation of F-15Is on a nuclear facility located in downtown Tehran might look like.
“Obviously, it is only a fictional scene, however it is quite realistic for an eventual strike on the Tehran Nuclear Research Center, that is located not far from the Milad Tower, clearly visible on the background.
“He added underneath: “Please note that I’ve used the word “image” on the title because it is not a drawing, nor a rendering or a photo. It is a Computer Generated Imagery (CGI).”
Tory vice-chair James Cleverly demanded she remove the “outrageous, childish and misleading” tweet as it was a gross misrepresentation.
He stormed: “The picture is outrageous, childish, and misleading, it is totally unacceptable for you to use it.
“To imply that this was a attack on civilian homes, as the picture does, is a vile misrepresentation and dishonours the RAF personnel involved.
“Delete the tweet and apologise.”
Many social media users took Ms Abbott to task this morning over her use of the image.
One user tweeted in response: “It is important when it shows you have absolutely no clue what you’re doing or talking about.”
Labour leader Mr Corbyn opposes Theresa May’s decision to bomb targets in Syria without a debate in Parliament first.
The UK partnered with France and America to take action in strikes on Syria in the early hours of Saturday morning.
It comes after Ms Abbott was lambasted for saying the only war she’d support was the Second World War.
Quizzing her on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme last week, Nick Robinson asked: “But you don’t believe in military action in any circumstances at all? You believe it’s wrong.” to which Ms Abbott replied “no of course”.
He pressed: “What are the circumstances if you say ‘no’ in which you would back military action?”
The Labour MP replied: “There was the Second World War…”